Tuesday, November 20, 2007

South Africa: Country Rejects un's Criticism of Its Human Rights ... - AllAfrica.com

Zama FeniPretoria

South Africa have rejected the United Nations (UN) Watch study which ranked it's human rights record as one the worst in the world.

In response, the Department of Foreign Personal Business was adamantine that the publicity and protection of human rights stays one of the pillars of South Africa´s foreign policy.

According to newspaper reports, the United Nations Watch, ranked South Africa human rights record alongside those of China, Russia, Pakistan, Algerie and Saudi Arabian Arabian Peninsula The section hailed the United Nations Watch study as blatantly lopsided, because it makes the feeling that the international community is only concerned about civil and political rights.

While many western states and western Non - Governmental Arrangement (NGOs) are only concerned about civil and political rights, South Africa on the other manus and many other states are concerned about all human rights - civil and political; and societal and economic, according to Foreign Personal Business interpreter Ronnie Mamoepa.

He said South Africa's protection of human rights is an attack derived from the fundamental law and the measure of rights. "We show this practically in both our isobilateral and many-sided engagements. Bilaterally we prosecute directly with states and show our concerns where we experience that human rights are being violated," he said.

In the many-sided arena, South Africa have always been among the prima states behind the reform and strengthening of the UN´s human rights machinery. As a manifestation of this, said Mister Mamoepa, South Africa chaired the dialogues that led to the creative activity of the new United Nations Person Rights Council. "We supported the creative activity of the Person Rights Council because we saw it as a organic structure with the possible to re-energize the UN´s human rights machinery and better its credibility.

"The UN´s human rights machinery, over the years, lost its credibleness owed to the jobs of dual standards, selectivity and politicisation.

"By dual standards, we intend that it only addressed itself with human rights jobs in some and not in other countries," he stated. Mister Mamoepa explained that historically, the United Nations declarations on human rights have got always targeted mainly the development countries, adding that no declarations are ever brought and passed to turn to human rights states of affairs in developed states or planetary human rights jobs created by developed countries.

This is a fact that organisations such as as United Nations Watch, Person Rights Watch and Amnesty International cognize too well.

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"Because of this, a jeer is made of human rights with the feeling created that certain human rights misdemeanors are tolerable because they are committed in some countries," he said.

Had the United Nations Watch rankings been based on a holistic and comprehensive appraisal of state positions, based on all the docket points of the Person Rights Council, surely South Africa makes manner better than many other countries. "We also trust that the Lord'S Day Times would look critically at some of these organisations before giving them not due credence. "It should be recalled that United Nations Watch is one arrangement that is actively campaigning to sabotage a cardinal South African enterprise at the planetary level, the World Conference Against Racism."

While the human race is grappling with and trying to happen solutions to the jobs of racial hate and intolerance, Mister Mamoepa said that the United Nations Watch stations articles on its website describing the conference as a "global festival of hatred".

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Friday, November 16, 2007

Truck Auctions - Discover A Real Price Of A Used Truck

Trucks usually fall under the class of commercial vehicles and with the addition in their sophistication; it is no surprise that their costs are as large as their size. This is one of the primary grounds why people generally travel for used motortrucks as these cost not only much less than their new versions but are also very lasting and can be set to the same use. Paying for the motortruck necessitates the user to make a batch of research on his demands and his affordability. Some factors which addition the terms of the motortruck are:

• Size: Bigger the size, bigger the price.

• Type of loading: A motortruck which is ego burden costs more than the 1 where the burden is manual.

• Multi axle motortrucks are more than than expensive

• The age of the motortruck also finds the terms as newer the truck, the more expensive it is.

• Trucks that carry through heavy towing demands are costlier. Hence make not purchase this sort of a motortruck if your towing demands are not heavy. You would be cachexia money then.

Make a checklist of the followers things before you purchase a used truck.

• The amount of clip that the motortruck have been used.

• Distance travelled by the truck.

• Insurance and its day of the month of termination if it is still valid.

• Take the vehicle on a diagnostic test thrust on different types of terrains to see how it responds to different route conditions.

• Ask a trusted machinist to inspect the vehicle thoroughly and come up up with the listing of faults the life of the engine and other of import parts.

• Look at your available finances and see if your purchase rans into your demands and at the same clip is not too heavy on you pocket.

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Wednesday, November 14, 2007

Mood and Action in a Tale of the Far Future - Seeds of the Dusk

The narrative "Seeds of the Dusk" by Raymond Omega Gallun, published in 1938, is a gemstone of classic SF. Its 31 pages give us an penetration into the lives and fates of three species: an foreign invading works intelligence; the posterity of crows; and the posterity of Man. Into this short narrative are packed great events and an unforgettable, haunting temper which is well encapsulated in the title.

The tone of voice of the author's narrative is relaxed, not exactly "chatty" but informally reflective, with a sprinkling of "perhaps"s and vacillations and even self-questionings in the verbal descriptions and accounts given, which paradoxically beef up our ingenious belief, our sense that we are being shown something real.

...It seemed entirely a plaything of chance. And, of course, up to a point it was... ...And now, perhaps, the thing was beginning to experience the first glimmerings of a consciousness, like a human kid rising out of the blurred, unremembering fog of birth...

A sentient vegetable? Without intelligence it is likely that the ascendants of this unidentified encroacher from across the nothingness would long ago have got lost their conflict for survival.

What senses were given to this unusual mind, by agency of which it could be aware of its environment? Undoubtedly it possessed mental faculties of sense that could observe things in a manner that was as far beyond ordinary human construct as vision is to those people who have got been born blind.

You see the sort of style I mean: hesitant, split into probing inquiries and explanatory answers. Gallun do no effort to conceal the fact that he is a storyteller of our clip telling us a narrative of many billions of old age ahead. In a way, therefore, he is distancing himself from the narrative he is telling; but by doing so, he go forths himself free to make bridging comments, to give expressed clarifications, adapted to our demands as readers, which he would not be able to do if he took on the existent voice of the hereafter point of view himself.

The narrative hots up as the invading spore from Red Planet takes root and turns and propagates, using its intelligence and defensive powerfulnesses to set up for the clang it cognizes is coming with Earth's dominant race, the Itorloo:

Men. Or rather the cold, cruel, cute small beingnesses who were the children of men.

Of the three supporter species in this story, the reader will most likely sympathise most with the birds. Kaw, the intelligent descendent of crows, alarmed at the invading plants, make up one's minds that the Satan 1 cognizes is preferable to the Satan 1 cognizes not, and wings to warn his herediitary foes, the Itorloo. But the deteriorate Children of Work Force believe they can travel it alone, that the manner to overcome the invading works is to sterilise World of all except human life....

The works win, and they and many other life things are saved. Man, who have go the enemy of all, succumbs. The reader actually experiences a sort of alleviation that Man, or his Itorloo descendants, is gone, and the human race can dwell in its dusky peace.

It's quite a idea - or it will be, when we discontinue to take our SF heritage for given - that this narrative was written manner back in 1938. In fact it's not the lone SF narrative that presciently echoes some of our modern-day environmental concerns. Primarily, though, Seeds of the Twilight is singular as an ageless, timeless classic of haunting mood.

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Monday, November 12, 2007

Africa: Supersport Forms a Dream Team for 2008 Africa Cup of Nations - AllAfrica.com

THE Africa Nations Cup is just two calendar months away. Ponga Liwewe the SuperSport selling director anticipates a very explosive collector's item and states they have got brought on board Africa's football game graven images to give viewing audience their money's worth. Nigerian Daniel 'The Bull' Amokachi, Kalusha Bwalya and Abedi Pele will be in the SuperSport studios to do an in depth analysis of the tourney that acquires underway next January in Ghana.

Liwewe talked to Daily Monitor's Sande Bashaija about what association football fans should anticipate and below are the excerpts.

What conveys you to Uganda?

I am here for Abedi Pele's Africa Nations Cup promotional circuit and to partly state Ugandans more about SuperSport's and how we mean to cover the tournament.

How make you happen this place?

It's my first clip here but Republic Of Republic Of Uganda is a very lovely place. I wish I could do it my 2nd home.

With the Africa Nations Cup at the adjacent door, what should SuperSport viewing audience expect?

Expect the best. We have got larger programs for this tournament, which we anticipate to be very explosive. We are bringing on board Pele, Daniel Amokachi and Kalusha Bwalya to be portion of our team. These cats no everything about African football, so our positions so anticipate very comprehensive and measure up insurance of the tournament.

How many Africa Nations Cup fits are to be shown live?

Every single game. Of course of study plus full analysis, foregrounds and squad news.

Uganda bitterly missed out on qualifying for the Africa Cup and there were claims that South Africa played portion by giving away a lucifer to Zambia. Bashes this talking clasp any water?

Unfortunately I am Zambian. I don't believe there was such as a situation. South Africa were just disorganiSed by the two speedy ends and just failed to make a comeback.

Where do you believe Republic Of Republic Of Uganda drop short?

Uganda Cranes failed to acquire consequences on the road. That is the major ground that allow them down. I degree Fahrenheit a squad doesn't win away fits its always going to be hard to measure up for large tournaments.

If you look at Uganda's makings group, make you believe it was the Cranes' best opportunity to qualify?

Uganda set up a very applaudable show but unfortunately only 16 squads had to be in Ghana. With more than exposure and experience the Cranes will definitely play in continental tourneys to come.

As a individual who have interacted with many football game decision makers human race over, what make you believe the local federation/authorities should make to take a squad to the adjacent tournament?

The East African part is still lagging behind compared to the remainder of the world. Football decision makers be given to concentrate more than on senior squads and desire speedy results. But if Republic Of Uganda and other states are to succeed, allow them begin from the grassroots. Junior squads are the most import.

Had Republic Of Uganda qualified, make you believe the Cranes would have got got notched some wins?

It would have been very difficult. Most squads have got participants in Europe and are very well managed.

But Cranes managed to overcome Nigeria's Superintendent Eagles, why then make you state they wouldn't win a game in the Africa Cup?

Beating Federal Republic Of Federal Republic Of Nigeria in qualifiers doesn't intend your squad is very strong. When it come ups to the large phase things change. Remember Republic Of Uganda was actually playing at home.

A expression at the Nations Cup groups, which is the most complicated?

Definitely Group Type B that affects Nigeria, Ivory Coast, Republic Of Republic Of Mali and Benin.

It's a commiseration that between Mali, Federal Republic Of Federal Republic Of Nigeria and Ivory Coast, one squad won't do the 2nd round. But Republic Of Benin will not do it out of the group.

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The tourney is mostly dominated by Occident African countries, what make you believe about this unbalanced trend?

West African participants are very focused at making it to the top. That's why they are all over Europe. With such as exposure, their states are always have got an border over the remainder in the tournament.

Is it owed to deficiency of endowment that East African states don't export endowment to Europe compared to the Occident Africans?

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Sunday, November 11, 2007

Uganda: Can Africa Develop If Researchers Network? - AllAfrica.com

Jennifer Bakyawa

In December Republic Of Uganda will once again hit the newspaper headlines over another HIV/Aids stride-circumcision. Researchers in Republic Of Uganda and Republic Of Kenya affirmed that Circumcision of work force cut downs opportunities of human immunodeficiency virus infection as the prepuce of a phallus have cells that human immunodeficiency virus targets.

Last week, again men of science on the continent discovered that malaria and HIV/Aids co-fuel each other.

So much malaria research is going on in Africa. More is on HIV/Aids. But few if any research workers in Africa cognize most Oregon all probes being conducted in their country of specialty. Networking of men of science such as as what the Ugandan and Kenyan research workers did during the Circumcision survey guarantees maximal use of resources and speedy answering of the research question. Yet much as such as networking is vital, it is rare in Africa.

"If research workers network, it assists work resources wherever they are. Africa endures from understaffing, states Prof. Horatio Nelson Ssewankambo. "Some countries have got more than resources than others." Ssewankambo, the Dean of Checkup School, Makerere University, states networking of research workers would minimise wastage and unneeded duplication. Networking is practicable and necessary in research, especially on issues of shared involvements and concerns.

For months, usage of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane against mosquitoes is still topical in Kenya, United Republic Of Tanzania and Uganda. If the three states networked on this issue, they would acquire information from a wider perspective. This would assist inform individual country's policies, states Ssewankambo.

Networking additions opportunities of gaining a larger sample size, especially in explores which affect respective countries. A large and varied sample assists make an impact as was the lawsuit with the Circumcision survey where 8,000 males participated, according to mass media reports.

Such coaction should happen at job identification, designing the study, execution and in post- research activities such as as incorporating consequences into policy. This way, research workers lend different expertness and ain the results.

Networking would not only profit research workers but the countries' ministries of wellness too.

With respective groupings researching, the identified job would be addressed faster. In addition, the groupings will have got got their resources maximised than when working individually.

Research webs could function as "independent" think-tanks to which ministries of wellness and authorities can turn for thoughts and solutions to public wellness jobs and programmes.

The US' Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and Checkup Research Council in the United Kingdom have for respective decennaries networked with research workers to better wellness of their populations. Both arrangements are funded by their several governments.

Without networking, immature research workers are rarely known. They have got no clear avenue for calling advancement, which often frustrates them. Hence migrating to developed states just like their medical counterparts. Says Mister Alexanders Campbell: "The state of African research workers is that they are not supported by the system. It is hard for them to apportion clip for a network. When people exchange research results, it haps out of individual efforts."

Campbell is a coordinator of Research Matters. According to a World Health Arrangement 2006 study on human resources for health, more than than 300 medical docs left Republic Of Uganda to work abroad where there is better pay.

In fortune where there are scarce resources, a web of specialised people can lend to a critical mass needed to excite creativeness and peer-review.

Says Dr Jack Ngulube: "It is indispensable for research workers to web to supply equal reappraisal and on-going mentoring. Such coactions aid beef up researchers' work and foregrounds issues which sometimes make not look pressing to human development." Ngulube works with the Centre for Health Science and Sociable Research in Zambia.

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An confederation of research workers in the South can advocator for support research in certain countries which funders and policy shapers paying small attending on. Today, much concentrate on HIV/Aids is aslant towards drugs. However, in improver to a medical solution, sociological attacks such as as behavior alteration that is of import in human immunodeficiency virus spreading and treatment should be considered.

For instance, most infections such as sleeping sickness, malaria, malnutrition and maternal mortality are not rampant in developed nations, thus they acquire less attending for research. If research workers in Africa web it would progress the wellness research agenda, states Ssewankambo.

The author is a coordinator of the Republic Of Uganda Communication Program on Health Research, a joint undertaking between Makerere University School of Populace Health and Council for Health Research for Development

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Friday, November 9, 2007

Nigeria: Policy Analysis And Constituency Building - AllAfrica.com

Hajiya Bilkisu YusufAbuja

Last week, the Centre for Democratic Research and Training CDRT of the Bayero University Kano in coaction with the United Nations Development Fund UNDP, organised a two-day training workshop for legislative Pluto of the Kano State House of Assembly. The locale of the workshop was the historical Mambayya House, the place and entombment land site of that father of extremist and reformer political relation in Northern Nigeria, Late Malam Aminu Kano. During his life time, Malam Aminu lived a Spartan life, shunned philistinism and was a consistent politician who engaged with policy at assorted levels. Known as the title-holder of the talakawa, he defended the right of people to do input signal into political relation and effectively take part in the personal business of the country.

Under the streamer of the Northern Elements progressive Union NEPU in the First Democracy and later the Peoples Redemption Party PRP, he challenged the position quo and advocated people centered policies and transparence and answerability in governance. He promoted democratic ideals of freedom and pick and campaigned against denial of women the right to vote and be voted for, subjugation of the mediocre and use of faith and civilization to warrant elect regulation and privileges. He fought a drawn-out ideological conflict with the opinion authorities at state and federal degree for decades. His advocacies and political activities changed the landscape of Nigerian political relation and catalysed political awakening in the North in particular.

As I maneuvered my manner through the heavy traffic at the intersection point in presence of Malam's house, I reflected on the life and modern times of the late political sage and how pleased he would have got got been to see that his parts have made a difference to those who still advance his ideals. I also felt a sense of sadness, knowing that Malam would have got got been terribly disappointed at the anti democratic, anti people and ego serving docket that most of his protégés have adopted after his departure.

The subject of the workshop Policy Analysis and Constituency Building was timely. Policy analysis is defined as the survey of making and conducting policy. It is the survey of how policies are made, executed in authorities and bureaucracies. Battle with public policy have existed in assorted word forms in all societies from clip immemorial. It affects systematic and elaborate scrutiny of policy jobs and authorities response to them. Political Scientists and community militants involved in the survey of public policy effort to invent solutions for jobs of public concern. They concentrate on a wide scope of issues ranging from education, to healthcare, agriculture, infrastructural development, the environment, human rights and basic freedoms and respective others.As the legislators settle down down to commence their work of law making, they would trust heavily on the class of legislative aides, the Secretaries of the assorted House Committees that were being trained at the workshop for articulation of policies for deliberation. Since law devising is the major mathematical function of the legislators, it is of import that they and their encouraging staff are given preparation in policy analysis, particularly as it impacts the constituencies they serve.

This point was emphasised by the Deputy Director of CDRT, Dr Haruna Salihi in his welcome computer address at the gap of the workshop. He commended the UNDP for investment in edifice the capacity of legislators and urged the participants to do usage of what they would larn at the workshop.

Four document were presented on the first twenty-four hours of the workshop. The first was titled The Development of the Legislature in Nigeria: Lessons from the Past by Dr Haruna Wakili, the Director of CDRT and presented by Dr Ismaila Zango a Deputy Director of the Centre. The paper traced the history of the modern legislative assembly in Federal Republic Of Nigeria and declared that it was a colonial creation. It listed the assorted fundamental laws the British Government developed for the state from the 1922 Clifford Constitution, 1933, 1946, 1951, and 1954 to the 1960 Independence fundamental law which established legislative houses. Others were developed by Nigerians such as as the 1963 Republican constitution, 1979 and 1999 fundamental laws which introduced a bicameral legislative assembly and a presidential system of government. In discussing the powerfulnesses of the legislative assembly and their effectivity in exercising these, Dr Wakili identified the following:

Power to O.K. yearly budget and monitoring device its execution and observed that public presentation of this mathematical function have been compromised by the deficiency of professional competency to scrutinise budget and the not due influence the Executive. On the powerfulness to corroborate or reject cardinal appointments, he cited that there were often allegations that campaigners often give incentive before they acquire cleared. On Oversight mathematical functions over the executive director arm which implement laws and policies, the paper cited the lawsuit of a curate at the national degree during the last dispensation who lost his occupation for succumbing to the demands of the legislators for pecuniary inducement. Another powerfulness of the legislators is the powerfulness of probe and impeachment which like other powerfulnesses is being selectively used and politicised by the legislature.

The 2nd paper titled: Mainstreaming of Women, Children and Other Vulnerable Group's Interest in Modern Legislation.

It was presented by my low self. It identified the vulnerable groupings in the society such as as the bottom of the mediocre the bulk of whom are women, unemployed youth, the disabled, destitutes, orphans and vulnerable children etc. It the examined the constitutional rights granted to all Nigerians and those contained in International conventions. It also listed supportive policies developed to turn to the particular demands of vulnerable groupings in the society ranging from education, health, women, young person development and kid rights policies. It reviewed the United Nations Millennium Development Goals MDGs and recommended that action should be focused on decrease of utmost poorness and hungriness which is Goal 1 of the MDG, Goal 2 on promoting cosmopolitan primary education, Goal 3 which is to advance grammatical gender equality and authorise women, and Goals 4 and 5 of the MDG which turn to the demand to cut down maternal and kid mortality and morbidity.

The 3rd paper was presented by Dr Abubakar Siddique Muhammad of the Department of Political Science, of Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. It was titled Conflict and Conflict Management: Legislative -Executive Relations .The paper observed that the powerfulnesses the fundamental law confabulates on the legislative assembly do struggle with the executive director arm a natural portion of governance. These powerfulnesses are as follows:

The powerfulness to do laws, to command public funds, to O.K. or reject of import appointments, to repair wages and allowances and powerfulness to take public officers. These powerfulnesses do it impossible for any unit of measurement of authorities to work without owed mandate support and cooperation of the legislators. Dr Abubakar observed that political party differences, executive director director interference, an authoritarian executive also impact the human relationship between the two weaponry of government. To cut down struggle between the two weaponry of authorities the paper recommended that duologue between the executive director and the legislative assembly should be promoted and capacity edifice activities in the word form of retreats, seminars and workshops should be organised for the two arms.

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The 4th paper was presented on the 2nd twenty-four hours of the conference by Alhaji Aliyu Tijjani, the former Clerk to the Kano State Assembly. It was titled The Function of Committees and Committee Secretaries in the Legislature .The paper traced the development of the commission system which it described a major characteristic of the presidential system. It identified two types of committees, the standing commissions and the particular committees. The particular commissions help the legislative assembly in the public presentation of its primary constitutional assignment. The standing commissions are lasting and each commission takes duty for a peculiar area. The Committees' work may affect public hearings, staff research, revision, amendments and then a concluding recommendation to the House. Ideally most of the Committee's work should be handled by the Committee Secretary and a sizeable figure of professional staff of the legislative assembly who should carry on all the research work and usher the legislators especially those who are new or inexperienced. The presenter noted that measures are referred to the relevant standing commissions and the Committee studies to the House after consideration of the measure with all amendments made. The Committee Secretary is the caput of the secretariate and plays an of import function in the behavior of Committee business. The paper recommended that more than legislative Pluto should be recruited and uninterrupted preparation should also be provided to the legislative Pluto to heighten their efficiency.

The last paper titled Applying Research To Policy Formulation and Legislation was presented by Dr. Sule Bello, Executive Director of the Kano based African Research and Development Association ARADA The paper began with an scrutiny of the work legislative assemblies in a democratic stressing that legislative assemblies are in the concluding analysis the existent beginning of powerfulness in any democracy .Dr Bello observed that military coup d'etats happen owed to the general insensitivenesses or incompetency of the political class. Populace ailment against the misconduct of politicians in general and legislators as long in peculiar have also been long standing. On the importance of research in legislative activities, the paper noted that sourcing information is critical to administration in general and determination devising in particular. The paper examined some research and development rules and recommended capacity edifice for cardinal legislative staff to effectively help the legislators for the implementation, monitoring, rating and alteration of policy ends and objectives.

The workshop organizers provided some clip for parts from the participants at the end of each paper presentation and the interaction was quite interesting. It was obvious that learning had taken topographic point and one could only urge that all states should do the preparation and re-training of legislators and legislative Pluto a regular activity.

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Tuesday, November 6, 2007

Book Review - Rock Solid Families by Janell Rardon

Developing Spiritually Strong Families

Janell Rardon have pulls from twenty old age of ministry, research, and personal experience in authorship "Rock-Solid Families." In her illustrations she have included observation she have made of successful Christian families. The book communicates commonalties establish in strong Negro spiritual families. Rardon have developed twelve foundation rocks for edifice strong families. Each chapter trades with an of import foundational rule in producing solid families.

In the first chapter Janell stresses the demand for vision and a written household missionary post statement. Core values, a clear intent and a determined subject all drama a portion in establishing the focusing for this vision. The chapter endnotes supply of import mentions and suggestions for future reading. The book is well researched. Illustrations, charts, and exercisings heighten the value of the book as a user friendly survey usher on parenting. Biblically based rules and strong in Negro spiritual applications add to the practical nature providing a no-nonsense approach to parenting. Or, as the caption of the book suggests, it is about "Transforming an Ordinary Home into a Fortress of Faith."

Janell tells illustrations from her life and lessons she have learned through these experiences. Her openness and exposure in sharing from her bosom add to the genuineness and world of her writing. The chapters on the devotional life, prayer, Negro spiritual success, and obeisance were especially meaningful and ambitious to me, personally. Her recommended action stairway in these chapters are helpful for planning hereafter devotional modern modern modern times for household worship times or personal quiet times. An of import appendix supplies further suggestions for personal worship.

Janell is a talented communicator, and is joint in her writing. She makes a form of spiritualty and a practical application that asks for the reader to absorb the twelve foundations rocks for edifice their ain "Rock-Solid Families."

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